A Blog For The Open Source Community

Author: Tech9

Hyperledger-Open Source & Blockchain

Hyperledger (visit site) is an open-source two-way effort made to develop cross-industry blockchain technologies. It is a worldwide collaboration, hosted by The Linux Foundation, counting leaders in finance, supply chains, banking, Internet of Things, manufacturing & Technology.

One of the projects you will certainly hesitate upon when you visit blockchain discussion and follow blockchain news is the Hyperledger of the Linux Foundation. But while it is relatively straightforward to recognize what cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin & even Ethereum are, it is harder to get your head around the Hyperledger proposal. Cryptocurrencies were first embraced by black markets, but then moved to gray markets, such as the well known escort site, until finally being embraced by large mainstream merchants. Now most people can wrap their heads around crypto, but Hyperledger is arguably harder to grasp. But if you do, you’ll find several exciting projects for non-currency, industrial blockchain applications.

Why Create Hyperledger?

Not since the Web itself has a technology promised broader & more basic revolution than blockchain technology. A blockchain is a peer-to-peer strewn ledger forged by consensus, combined with a system for “smart contracts” & other assistive technologies. Simultaneously these can be used to build a new invention of transactional applications that establishes trust, responsibility, and transparency at their core while streamlining the business procedure and lawful constraints.

Think of it as an OS for marketplaces, micro-currencies, data-sharing networks, and decentralized digital communities. It has the possibility to greatly reduce the cost and difficulty of getting things done in the real globe.

An open source, mutual software development approach can make sure the simplicity, interoperability, longevity, and support necessary to get blockchain technologies familiar to mainstream commercial espousal. That is what Hyperledger is about – communities of software developers building blockchain frameworks and stage

Why do we need Hyperledger?

During precise testing, developers concerned realized that in blockchain networks, where every peer requirements to validate each and every operation and run consensus at the same time, take a vast blow in terms of scalability. Above that, transactions with a measure of privacy and privacy attached to them cannot be executed on public blockchains due to the comprehensive measures that are taken to make sure the integrity of a transaction.

The blockchain revolution has started, and its possible implications on the business world are going to be vast. The technology is already in the procedure of reaching the mainstream commercial agreement. As we dip in this technology, transactional applications in GenX can be more reliable transparent and with total responsibility. Businesses can effortlessly reduce the cost and complexity involved and even lesson legal constraints. Hyperledger also designed to benefit enterprise clientele. Started in 2015, Hyperledger is a mutual effort by The Linux Foundation and numerous other key industry partners. The main focus of this project is to advance cross-industry Blockchain & distributed ledger system across sectors.

Short Hyperledger History

Hyperledger launched in 2016 with a technological and managerial governance structure and 30 founding business members. Originally, the Hyperledger Technical Steering Committee welcomed two industry blockchain framework codebases into incubation: Hyperledger Fabric, a codebase combining work by Digital Asset, libconsensus from Blockstream & and Hyperledger Sawtooth, developed at Intel’s incubation group.

How does Hyperledger work?

On a Hyperledger based system, though, it’s a totally different story! The peers directly allied with the deal are connected, & only their ledgers get updated regarding the deal. Third parties who aid carry out the transaction only get to know the precise amount of information they require with the help of permission & regulations levied on the network.

Hyperledger has the following goals:

  • Generate enterprise score, open-source, distributed ledger frameworks & code bases to sustain business transactions
  • Offer neutral, open, & community-driven transportation supported by technological and business governance
  • Build technical communities to extend Blockchain & shared ledger POCs, utilize cases, field trails and deployments
  • Teach the public regarding the market prospect for blockchain technology
  • Encourage our community of communities taking a toolkit loom with numerous platforms and frameworks

Noteworthy changes in Hyperledger

All this is made achievable due to Hyperledger’s modular building, which makes properties like consent a plug-and-play feature. In this architecture, the most prominent changes are seen in the peers of a system. The peers have been separated into two separate runtimes & three different roles, namely:

Committer: These peers only mark authenticated transactions returned from the consensus mechanism to the particular ledgers. Committer nodes can work as Endorsers on networks with fewer limits. But, as restrictions are increased, this condition is totally avoided.

Endorser: These nodes are accountable for simulate transactions particular to their network and stop non-deterministic and untrustworthy transactions. While committers may or may not be endorsers depending on network limits, all endorsers work as committers.

Consenters: These nodes are accountable for running the consensus of the network. They run on an utterly different runtime, unlike endorsers and committers, which run on a similar runtime. Consenters are liable for validating transactions & deciding which ledger the transaction be dedicated to.

Hyperledger Projects

So if you bear in mind, I had mentioned that Hyperledger is an open-source two-way effort made to develop cross-industry blockchain technologies. This means that there are many projects under Hyperledger itself. These comprise projects such as:

  • Hyperledger Fabric used widely in supply-chain networks
  • Hyperledger Sawtooth is being used in the fishing business to track the voyage of fishes
  • Hyperledger Burrow, which is being utilized to run Ethereum elegant contracts in a Hyperledger network
  • Hyperledger Iroha finds usage in mobile application optimization with the aid of Blockchain
  • Hyperledger Indy, is being used as a decentralized personality database service for industry

What Are Advantages Of Open Source Software?

Nowadays, open-source software is gaining popularity in a wide range of IT enterprises because it provides ways to run them with high efficiency. It is a type of software that comes with open-source codes that allow anyone to handle the same easily. At the same time, it is necessary to know more about the applications and other things in detail which give ways to get more ideas. Another thing is that it provides ways to focus more on the objectives for reaching the next level. There are several advantages provided by the open-source software enabling a company to obtain optimal results.

  • Reduces the total costs of a company

The main advantage of open-source software is that it allows organizations to download many products free of cost thereby showing ways to reduce expenses. Moreover, it is easily portable and compressible that takes only less hardware power letting users carry out important tasks without any difficulties. Since the software offers less power hardware advantage, it is even possible to use cheap cheaper or old hardware which gives ways to experience the desired outputs.

  • Better access to the latest technologies

One of the main problems faced by a company is implementing new technologies because it should meet certain requirements. With open-source software, it becomes a simple one to have better access to innovation that can help to witness major changes. In addition, it makes feasible methods to increase the productivity of a company to a large extent.

  • Provides excellent vendor support

A majority of companies manufacture software products with their own ideas that fit their business. There are some companies that largely depend on vendor support to update technologies and other things thereby helping to save time. However, certain vendors will stop their services due to some issues which can result in various problems. Open-source software lowers this problem by removing the financial obstacles of regular projects.


Companies can customize everything with open-source software because it provides ways to access the code as soon as possible. Furthermore, it contributes more to get support from the project’s developers if internal skills are not sufficient. This is common on development projects such as a local sex app as many are created and tested necessitating a cost effective solution for developing and testing different versions.

  • Enables employers to find better talent

The recruitment process in a company involves several steps and several organizations face difficulties in finding the best candidates for a job. On the other hand, open-source software makes the job a simple one by addressing the essential needs of employers. It even allows developers and data scientists to work on unsolved problems by enhancing their skills effectively. Besides that, it enables enterprises to access and retain top talents.

  • High-quality software

Most open-source software allows employees to use the source code anytime while performing important tasks. It is high-quality software and well-designed one allowing companies to minimize errors and other problems.

  • Greater security

Companies engaged in IT manufacturing may face certain vulnerabilities such as bugs and hardening that can result in several problems. Having open-source software will help to get high security from potential threats and risks to experience peace of mind.

  • Integrated management

Open-source software is an ideal one for the efficient administration of a company because it uses technologies such as common information model (CIM), Web-based enterprise management (WBEM), and so on. This will help a lot to integrate servers, applications, and other things to lower the costs.

  • Simple license agreement

There is no need to worry about a license after installing open-source software. In fact, it gives ways to install the same many times and anyone can use the software from any location according to needs. This will help a lot to save more time while carrying out important tasks.

  • Scaling and consolidating

Open-source software allows organizations to scale up their operations significantly to achieve high growth. It even covers some other features such as load balancing, clustering, database, and email that can help to witness major changes.

  • Reliability

Open-source code offered by the software provides excellent results for organizations in a project. Several companies offer customer support services for companies with expert teams enabling them to handle complex issues with ease.

  • Transparency

Organizations can get full visibility of the code base as well as other discussions enabling them how developers address bugs and implement other applications. It also gives ways to eliminate errors and other complications with high accuracy to get better results.

Knowing more about types of open-source software

There are different types of open-source software available for small businesses and enterprises for gaining more benefits. Some of them include:

  • Operating systems
  • Web servers
  • Database systems
  • Mobile development frameworks
  • QA automation tools
  • Big data analytics tools
  • Content management system
  • Office software suites
  • ERP planning tools

It is an important one for companies to select the right type of open-source software which fits their operations that can help to improve standards.

Introduction to Open Source Software

What is Open Source Software?

Open source refers to anything which can be modified and shared due to its design which is publicly accessible. Open Source Software is the software which is inclusive of a source code and that can be inspected, modified and enhanced using this exact source code. The source code basically acts like a tracking machine. It works as a code that can be changed, altered or manipulated by computer programmers so that they can modify how the software which may be a program or an application may work as. The programmers who can access a device’s source code can also work to expand and improve the program by adding facets to it or by changing some parts of it which may not always work correctly.

Differences between Open Source and other Software

Usually all software has a source code that can only be modified by the person who created it in the first place. These first hand creators have an exclusive control over source of this software. This is called the proprietary software, also known as closed source software. It is only under the jurisdiction of the initial authors of a closed source software to legally duplicate, review and modify the software and in order to practice these proprietary software, the users of it must agree, by signing a licensed document with its terms and conditions, that they will not try to hamper with the software and not try to make any changes that are explicitly prohibited by the author. Some examples of these closed source software are Adobe Photoshop and Microsoft Office.

On the other hand, there is a significant difference in what Open source software is. In this kind of it, the original authors of the software make the source code available publicly so that people who want to view it, copy it and understand the functionality of it, can do so for their learning purposes. Sharing and modification of these sources is also permitted. LibreOffice is an example of an Open Source Software.

As it is in proprietary software, even open sourced software has the prerequisite of getting a licensed letter of terms and conditions signed by its users, but the main difference arises because these legal terms and conditions are open to interpretation and subjectivity and differ drastically from those of its parallel license.

Why do People Prefer Using Open Source Software?

There are multiple reasons why people prefer open sourced software vis-à-vis its counterpart. Some of these reasons are:

  • Learning

Open sourced software provides a free and publicly accessible platform for learning for those who want to learn how to use source codes. There is legal permission in them to view, copy and learn the source codes. This is a service not available in the closed source software, which is why the latter is not preferred as much.

  • Control

Open source software is also widely preferred because of the ability of users having more control over these types of software. The users are permitted to study the code so they can alter any feature of it and have a customized learning and working experience. Even the non-programmers can have a lot of benefits from open source software since they can use this software to learn from scratch and not necessarily at a very high programming level.

  • Security

Open source software is also more preferred because it is considered more secure in comparison to closed source software. Due to its feature of public viewing, people are able to correct any omissions or errors that may have been missed by the original author/s of the program. It also is much more convenient for users to view and work on their pieces of this software, since there is no prior permission required from the programmers. Owing to this fact, modification and upgrading of open source software is much faster and spontaneous as compared to proprietary ones.

  • Stability

When people work on long term assignments and projects, they prefer using open source software because the publicly accessible source software is more reliable when it comes to the usage of certain tools that may have an altered functionality in due course of time. Features in open source software have the assurance that they won’t disappear once the original authors stop working on them.

github open source community

What is GitHub?

If you aren’t familiar with GitHub, you should get to know the exponentially growing huge developer community. Check out this video for a brief introduction to what you may have been missing out on.